Windows are essential parts of any car, providing visibility, ventilation, protection, and comfort to the driver and passengers.
Car windows is classified into different types according to location, function, and design. This article will explore the main types of car windows and their feature.
The windshield is the car’s front window that covers the entire vehicle width. It is made of laminated glass, which consists of two layers of glass bonded together by a plastic interlayer. This type of glass is designed to withstand high impact and prevent shattering into sharp pieces in case of a collision. The windshield protects the occupants from wind, rain, dust, insects, and other debris that may fly into the car.
Windshield wipers remove rain, snow, ice, washer fluid, water, or debris from a vehicle’s front window. An electric motor powers them and has a metal arm with a rubber blade attached to it. The blade swings back and forth over the glass, pushing away anything that might obstruct the driver’s vision.
Most EVs have two wipers, but large evs like Hummer EVs have three.
The speed of the wipers can be adjusted, and most vehicles also have a windscreen washer system that sprays water or antifreeze fluid to help clean the glass.
Typical the wipers are controlled by a stalks, but some is only controlled by screen input.
Many Evs have rain sensors that detect the amount of moisture on the windshield.
Some models offers a heated windshield as standard or as an option.
Todays moderns Evs have often on or more cameraes installed in the windhsield.
This cameras requires carfully adjustments if windshield is replaced.
Side windows are the windows on each side of the car, usually located on the doors. They are made of tempered glass, which is a type of glass that is heated and cooled rapidly to increase its strength and resistance to thermal shock. Tempered glass breaks into small, rounded pieces when shattered, which reduces the risk of injury to the occupants.
Side windows can be either fixed or movable. Fixed side windows are permanently attached to the car frame and cannot be opened or closed. Movable side windows can be raised or lowered by using a button, a switch or a hand crank.
Some side windows may have some additional features, such as:
- Tinting or coating to reduce glare, heat or UV rays from the sun.
- Electric motors or regulators to control the movement of the windows.
- Safety locks or child locks to prevent unauthorized opening or closing of the windows.
- Anti-pinch sensors or mechanisms to prevent injuries caused by trapping fingers or objects in the windows.
The rear window is the window at the back of the car that covers most of the width of the vehicle. It is made of tempered glass, similar to side windows. The rear window provides visibility to the rear of the car.
It is not required to have a rear window. Several models does not have a rear window, and some have replaced it with a camera.
Some Evs have a wiper on the rear window. It typical include a washer.
Heat insulated glass
Windshields made of insulating glass have a transparent metallic infrared-reflecting coating.
Noise insulated glass
For drivers, outside noise is most noticeable when entering a highway tunnel, where the concrete walls reflect sound into the car’s interior. Some manufacturers offers noise-insulated glass as a standard or optional feature.
Unlike the conventional single-layer safety glass used for the sides and rear, this glass features five layers: glass, three layers of film, and then glass again. The middle layer of the three polyvinyl butyral (PVB) films has special acoustic properties that absorb much of the oscillation of the surrounding glass.
Privacy glass on cars is a type of glass that has been darkened at the factory by the car manufacturer. It is also known as factory tint. It is different from window tint, a film applied to the glass after it is manufactured. Privacy glass is usually used for the rear and side windows of the car, while the front windows and windshield have clear glass.
The main benefit of privacy glass is to provide more privacy for the passengers and the items inside the car. It can also help reduce glare, deter crime, and keep the car cooler by blocking the sun’s rays. However, unlike some window films, privacy glass does not have high heat rejection or UV protection properties. Privacy glass also cannot be removed unless the glass itself is replaced.
In addition most EVS looks better with privacy glass.