Electric vehicles (EVs) are not only transforming the way we drive, but also the way we design car interiors. EVs offer new possibilities and challenges for car interior designers, who have to balance functionality, comfort, aesthetics, and sustainability.
Here are some of the main aspects of EV interior design and how they differ from conventional cars.
Space and Layout
One of the biggest advantages of EVs is that they have more space and flexibility for interior layout than conventional cars. This is because EVs do not have internal combustion engines, transmissions, fuel tanks, exhaust pipes, or other components that take up space and limit the placement of seats, consoles, storage compartments, and other features. EVs also have flat floors and lower center of gravity, which allow for more headroom, legroom, and cargo space.
Some of the ways that EVs use this extra space and flexibility are:
Moving the dashboard forward and creating a spacious lounge-like cabin with more visibility and comfort for passengers. You can read about all the dashboard and cockpit layout in the Cockpit design & layout section.
Offering different seating configurations, such as swivel seats, reclining seats, foldable seats, or removable seats, to suit different needs and preferences. Seating is a large topic that EVKX.net have created a seperate guide on. Read the seat guide.
Providing more storage options, such as under-seat drawers, door pockets, center consoles, or trunk compartments, to accommodate various items and accessories.
Integrating features such as wireless charging pads, cup holders, ambient lighting, or air vents into the floor or the door panels to save space and enhance convenience.
Technology and Connectivity
Another major aspect of EV interior design is technology and connectivity. EVs are equipped with advanced technologies that enhance the driving experience, safety, entertainment, and convenience of passengers and drivers. These technologies include:
Digital displays and touchscreens that provide information and control for various functions, such as speedometer, navigation, climate control, entertainment system, or driver assistance systems. Read more about screens in EVs in our user interface article
Voice control and digital assistants that allow passengers and drivers to interact with the car and access various services using natural language commands. Read about voice controll in our user interface article
Biometric sensors and cameras that monitor the health, mood, or behavior of passengers and drivers and adjust the settings or features accordingly.
Cloud-based services and over-the-air updates that provide real-time data and updates for the car's software or hardware.
Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) that project images or information onto the windshield or the windows to create immersive experiences or assist with navigation or safety.
Materials and Sustainability
A third important aspect of EV interior design is materials and sustainability. EVs are more environmentally friendly than conventional cars in terms of emissions and energy consumption, but they also have to consider the environmental impact of their materials and production processes. EV interior designers have to choose materials that are durable, lightweight, recyclable, renewable, or biodegradable.
Some of the materials that are used or being developed for EV interiors are:
Vegan leather or synthetic leather that mimics the look and feel of real leather but is made from plant-based or recycled materials.
Bamboo or cork that are natural materials that are renewable, biodegradable, and have antibacterial properties.
Alcantara or microfiber that are synthetic materials that are soft, breathable, stain-resistant, and easy to clean.
Carbon fiber or aluminum that are lightweight materials that reduce the weight of the car and improve its performance and efficiency.
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