Doors are essential parts of cars that allow passengers and drivers to enter and exit the vehicle, as well as secure the interior from unauthorized access.
Doors also integrate side windows for visibility and ventilation, and may have other features such as mirrors, handles, locks, speakers, and storage compartments. Depending on the design and style of the car, doors may vary in size, shape, location, and mechanism.
Door locations & types
There are different types of doors in cars, depending on how they are attached and opened. Some of the common types are:
First row door
These are the doors located at the front of the car, usually on both sides of the driver's seat. They are typically hinged on their front edge and open outward. They are also called driver's door and passenger's door.
Porsche Taycan with open first row door
Some cars may have other types of doors that have different mechanisms or styles.
These are doors that open in the opposite direction of conventional doors. They are hinged on their rear edge and open inward. They are also called coach doors or rear-hinged doors.
XPENG P7 with scissor doors
These are doors that open vertically instead of horizontally. They are hinged on their bottom edge and rotate upward along a fixed hinge at the front of the door. They are also called lambo doors or wing doors.
XPENG P7 with scissor doors
Second row doors
These are the doors located at the rear of the car, usually on both sides of the back seat. They are typically hinged on their rear edge and open outward. They are also called back doors.
Mercedes EQS Suv with first and second row doors open
These are doors that open upward instead of outward. They are hinged on their top edge and swing upward along a fixed hinge at the roof of the car. They are also called falcon doors or butterfly doors.
Tesla Model X Gullwing doors
These are doors that open sideways instead of outward. They slide along a track or rail on the side of the car. They are usually found on minivans or vans.
ID.Buzz concept with sliding second row door
Lucid Air Trunk
Hatcback style Liftgate
A hatchback style liftgate on a car is a type of door that opens upwards at the rear of the car, allowing access to the cargo area. This style of car comes equipped with a ‘fifth’ door in the form of a liftgate that provides easy access to the cargo area
Audi Q4 Sportback hatchback style liftgate
A liftgate is a type of tailgate that lifts upward from the bottom of the vehicle. It is usually found on larger SUVs and minivans and can be opened manually or automatically.
This type of tailgate consists of two separate sections, with each section opening separately. It is commonly found on SUVs and station wagons.
Rivian R1S split tailgate
This type of tailgate consists of two doors that open outward from the center of the vehicle. It is commonly found on larger SUVs and pickup trucks.
Mercedes eVito barn-door tailgate
The hood on cars is the hinged cover over the engine of front-engine and awd EVs. In addition there may be a frunk for storage.
Lucid Air Hood
Features of Doors in Cars
Doors in cars may have various features that enhance their functionality, convenience, safety, or appearance. Some of the common features are:
This is a feature that automatically pulls the door shut when it is partially closed, preventing slamming or bouncing. It reduces noise and wear and tear on the door mechanism.
This is a feature that allows the door to be opened or closed by pressing a button or using a remote control, without manual effort. It is usually found on hatchbacks, lids, or sliding doors. Some luxury models like BMW i7 and Mercedes EQS have it available on the first and second row doors.
BMW i7 with powered doors
BMW i7 with powered doors control
This is a feature that allows the door to be opened or closed by waving a foot under the bumper or sill of the car, without touching anything. It is useful when carrying items or having dirty hands. Available on rear trunk or liftgate.
Flush Door handle
A flush door handle on EVs is a type of door handle that is recessed into the door and does not protrude outwards. Electric cars have flush door handles to reduce aerodynamic drag and to give the car a sleeker look. Some styles aim to impress buyers with handles that pop out on approach. They also provide extra security but come with downsides such as reliability, safety concerns, and operation in icy condition